indirect tax system

The current indirect taxation system comprising service tax, state vat and central sales tax(CST) is not geared up to recognize and accommodate the evolving business models of e-commerce. But there are no specific provisions for the e-commerce operators to pay taxes on sale of goods or to make any deductions from the payments being made by them to actual seller of the goods.
A return is a document that a taxpayer is required to file as per the law with the tax administrative authorities. Under the GST law, a normal taxpayer will be required to furnish three returns monthly and one annual return. Similarly there are separate returns for a taxpayer registered under the composition scheme, taxpayer registered as an input service Distributor, a person liable to deduct or collect the tax (TDS/TCS)
TYPES OF RETURNS
GSTR-1 (Registered taxable supplier)
– Details of outward supplies of taxable goods and/or services effected.
– 10th of the next month
GSTR-2 (Registered taxable recipient)
– Details of inward supplies of taxable goods and/or services effected claiming input tax credit.
– 15th of the next month
GSTR-3 (Registered taxable person)
– Monthly return on the basis of finalization of details of outward supplies and inward supplies along with the payment of amount of tax.
– 20th of the next month
GSTR-4 (Composition supplier)
-Quarterly return for compounding taxable person
-18th of the month succeeding quarter
GSTR-5 (Non-Resident Taxable Person)
– Return for non-resident foreign taxable person
– 20th of the next month
GSTR-6 (Input Service Distributor)
– Return for input service Distributor
– 13th of the next month
GSTR-7 (Tax Deductor)
– Return for authorities deducting tax at source.
– 10th of the next month
GSTR-8 (E-Commerce operator/Tax collector)
– Details of supplies effected through e-commerce operator and the amount of tax collected
– 10th of the next month
GSTR-9 (Registered Taxable Person)
– Annual Return
– 31st December of next financial year
GSTR-10 (Taxable person whose registration has been surrendered or cancelled)
– Final Return
– within three month of the date of cancellation or date of cancellation order, whichever is later.
GSTR-11 (Person having UIN and claiming refund)
– Details of inward supplies to be furnished by a person having UIN
– 28th of the month following the month for which statement is filed.

Basic Advice & Guidance

Capital allowances’ is the term used to describe the allowances which allow businesses to secure tax relief for certain capital expenditure. Most capital’ items, such as computer equipment, vehicles, machinery etc last for more than a year or so. The tax rules do not allow you to automatically deduct the full cost of such items in one go. And different rules apply to different types of capital expenditure. In some cases no tax relief is available at all even though you may have spent the money solely for business purposes.

Corporation Tax Self Assessment for private GP Practitioners
Corporation Tax typically applies to profits made by limited companies, members’ clubs and to trade and housing associations.
Tax Rates:
FY 2016: 20% FY 2017: 19%

Submissions:
The submission must include the company’s Self Assessment return alongside details of any trade and other losses such as capital losses.
A company has a right to amend its return, including the Self Assessment within 12 months from the statutory filing date.

Keeping Records
The background records that must be kept include but are not limited to the following details of the company’s:
‘capital expenditure’ such as the purchase and sale or disposal of company assets, equipment, office furniture and vehicles;
liabilities (money it is due to pay people and other businesses);
income and expenditure (e.g.: sales and purchases);
stock, if any, on hand at the end of each financial year;
receipts and expenses;
all relevant supporting documentation.

Ways in which to keep tax bills to a minimum & better understanding of business expenses

Income Tax
Income Tax is a tax paid on taxable income received by individuals including:
Earnings from employment
Earnings from self-employment
Pensions income
Interest on most savings
Dividend income
Rental income
Trust income

Save A Big Amount On Your Taxes

As investments under the ELSS Funds are made in the equity markets, there is a scope for higher returns as against many other tax-saving investment options from the viewpoint of a long-term period. Thus, in addition to savings on taxes, these schemes manage to pull in hefty profits on your capital employed. However, it is always recommended that you should plan to invest in an ELSS fund over medium to long-term period, so as to draw supreme benefits. While Fixed Deposits and Provident Funds provide returns only to the tune of 8%, ELSS schemes hold a remarkable track record of generating returns that have soared up to 12% or even higher, over the past decade.

� Lowest Lock-In Period:

ELSS Mutual Funds have the minimum lock-in period when compared to other tax-saving investment choices. In comparison to a lock-in period of 5 years and 7 years in Fixed Deposits and Public Provident Funds, respectively, ELSS Funds have a lock-in period of merely 3 years. Thus, investors opting for ELSS against FD’s will be able to secure higher liquidity and will be able to plough back their money much sooner.

� Tax Benefits on Gains Earned:

One of the most compelling features of the ELSS Funds is that the returns which are yielded on the investments are 100% tax-free. Once you stay invested in these funds for the minimum designated lock-in period of 3 years, the long-term capital gains arising will remain intact and the taxman will not be able to touch a penny. Thus, by investing in these schemes, the depositors can fully cherish the entire amount received either on redemption or maturity.

� Flexibility in Investing:

Even though the lock in period is somewhat lengthy considering 3 years straight, investors however, can stay invested in these schemes with or without any further addition for as long as they desire. They also have the option to stop an ELSS SIP at any point, but the amount already invested can be withdrawn only after the completion of 3 years. Since ELSS is a well-diversified scheme, it is suggested that it shall be taken into consideration for a long-term investment period.

� Lesser Influence of Market Fluctuation:

Over a good number of years, ELSS Mutual Funds have proven to be fairly less volatile in comparison to other equity investment options. Thus, many market gurus recommend that the investors should choose to invest in ELSS Schemes, so as to protect themselves from the volatility of the conventional stock market options.

Thus, being an investor, if you are desirous to kill two birds with a single stone � reap high returns together with saving a good amount of tax � then the ELSS schemes are the finest choice for you, where you get the chance to draw maximum benefits if you invest systematically. Lumpsum investment at the end of the financial year will only help you to reduce your tax, but your funds might not be capable of generating the same amount of return. Hence, you could miss the potential returns by ignoring the effect of time value of money.